In spite of the Coronavirus pandemic and the disruptions it brought along, more people are now willing to invest and start afresh, especially those who found their home-buying plans jeopardized due to income loss or uncertainty. Since many families in India give great importance to Vastu Shastra and the ritual of bhumi pujan, they have been waiting to know the Vastu muhurat and the best dates for bhumi pujan in 2021.
“We took it very lightly all these years but after a string of bad news, our close friends suggested that we move into a new home and design the house as per Vastu Shastra. We thought, why not,” says Alankrit Chopra.
Many of you may be waiting for the right time, to begin with, the bhumi poojan and house construction. To simplify things for you, we list the best time to do so in the new year.
Vastu muhurat: Ideal time to start house construction in 2021
There are multiple opinions when it comes to the shubh muhurats for house construction. The general consensus is that the construction of a house should not start during Ashada Shukla to Kartik Shukla. It is believed that Lord Vishnu sleeps for four months from Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi and wakes up to Kartik Shukla Ekadashi. During these months, believers usually do not go in for marriages, house construction, or even a new business.
So, which dates are the most auspicious to start home construction in 2021?
|Date||Solar month||Sun in zodiac||Bhumi Pujan direction||Note this before construction||Gain/Loss|
|January 14||Magh||Makar||North-east||Good time for east or west-facing house||Financial gain|
|February 14||Falgun||Kumbh||North-west||Good time for east or west-facing house||Gain in jewels|
|March 14||Chaitra||Meen||North-west||Avoid construction||Loss|
|April 14||Baisakh||Mesh||North-west||Good time for north or south-facing homes||Very good time|
|May 14||Jeth||Vrish||South-west||Good time for north or south-facing homes||Increase in wealth|
|June 14||Ashadha||Mithun||South-west||Avoid construction||Loss|
|July 14||Shravan||Kark||South-west||Good time for east or west-facing house||Very good time|
|August 14||Bhadrapad||Singh||South-east||Good time for east or west-facing house||Increase in help (domestic)|
|September 14||Ashwin||Kanya||South-east||Avoid construction||Loss|
|October 14||Kartik||Tula||South-east||Good time for north or south-facing homes||Happiness and comfort|
|November 14||Margshirsh||Vrishchik||North-east||Good time for north or south-facing homes||Financial gains|
|December 14||Paush||Dhanu||North-east||Avoid construction||Loss|
Auspicious tithis for house construction or Griharambha in 2021
In the months that are suitable to start the construction of a home, you may choose one of the dates mentioned below. Also note that Saturdays, Sundays, and Tuesdays must be avoided. Mondays and Thursdays are the best.
|2nd||3rd||5th||7th||10th||12th||13th||15th||1st of Krishna Paksha|
Auspicious nakshatras for Griharambha
According to Vastu experts, for digging purposes, Uttaraphalguni, Uttarashada, Uttarabhadrapada, Rohini, Mrigshira, Revati, Chitra, Anuradha, Shatbhisha, Swati, Dhanishtha, Hasta and Pushya, are considered good for house construction.
Avoid these days for home construction in 2021
As already mentioned, some dates in the year 2021 are not suitable to start something as grand as house construction. For example, starting a house construction between June 14 and July 13, 2021, may attract the death of a family member.
Similarly, starting construction between September 14 and October 13, 2021, is not good, as per Vastu, and may invite diseases and discomfort. Another date that you should avoid is March 14 to April 13, 2021, which can result in any cause of fear.
Kharmas in 2021
On 14 March 2021, the Sun is going to enter Pisces from Aquarius and will remain here till 13 April 2021. All kinds of auspicious such as marriage, engagements, griharambh, and Graha Pravesh are not conducted during the kharmas.
Rituals to be performed before house construction
The rituals performed before house construction include:
- Vastu or bhumi pujan
- Balidaana or offerings
- Hala karshaana or the leveling of the site
- Ankurra roopana or sowing of seed
- Shilaanyaasa or placing the foundation stone.
The best month to start house construction in India
The best month to start construction of the new property
Depending upon the season, construction activity either picks up the pace or slackens. You would have come across many contractors who are eager to start house construction during the autumn season. The reason being, it is easier to pour concrete over soil that has not frozen or hardened due to the winters and neither is it so hot that the risk of overheating may do more harm than good. Autumn (that is, from late September to November), therefore, is a good time to start the construction of your home. It is also a good time for contractors to finish much of the exterior work and then, gradually focus on building the interiors of the new property.
The best month to start the renovation of the property
If much of your focus is on the interiors, that is, if you are looking at renovation or remodeling largely within the house, winters may not be a bad time. In fact, it is a practical approach too. Laborers working at your site can find it less strenuous to work during the winter months, rather than taking up the hard work in the summer months when the temperature typically reaches even 45 degrees Celsius. However, ensure that cost overruns do not take place.
For areas experiencing excessive air pollution, winters may not be too good. Over the last few years, the Delhi government, for example, had directed a ban on construction and related activities, temporarily. If you are someone looking to start the construction, make an informed decision.
Is spring a good time to begin construction work?
Your contractors will be able to tell you better. If the ground is not wet or frozen, it should be a good time. In India, most contractors prefer doing work in the house’s interiors during early spring but prefer utilizing the spring months if it is a project that would take months to complete.
Constructing your house in the summer season
If you are expecting delays in completing the house construction, do begin in the summers. Longer days in summers help workers utilize the daytime well. It may be very hot but even after taking breaks, the daylight lasts over a longer period and can be utilized better. It is good to consider this time for projects that would take more time to complete.
It has also been seen that given that a number of people undertake construction activities during the early summer, the price of raw materials also increases. You may want to weigh the pros and cons and make a decision.
Importance of bhumi pujan in Indian culture
Construction of a new house must be commenced on an auspicious day only. It is in our culture, to start every auspicious activity by invoking God’s name. Bhumi Devi is the Goddess mother earth. She is the wife of God Varaha, who is the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Bhumi Devi is worshipped when a new plot is bought. Bhumi pujan is the act of offering prayers to God, mother earth, and the forces of nature. The foundation stone is laid during the bhumi pujan and it symbolizes humans asking permission from the divine forces. It is also conducted, to ask for forgiveness from living beings that took shelter at the site and its premises. Any unintended harm or displacement that might be caused to such creatures is sought to be forgiven, through the bhumi puja. Overall, it is a way of seeking blessings and maintaining peace with nature.
Vastu muhurat for bhumi pujan in 2021
Note that there is a difference between starting the construction and laying the foundation for a new home. As per Vastu and customs, one must lay the foundation stone before starting construction.
Baisakh (May), Margshirsh (December), Paush (January), and Phalgun (March) are the best months for foundation-laying. Baishakh, Shravan, Margshirsh, Magh, Falgun, Bhadrapad, and Kartik are permissible. All the other months except the ones listed below are good for laying the foundation.
Inauspicious dates for foundation laying of new home
This is from March to April. One must avoid this time because it is said to bring on hardships for the homeowner.
This is the month of June and the planets are not in a favorable position.
Avoid the month of July for foundation laying, because it is said to bring about loss, especially if the owner has animal stock or a business related to it.
This is the month of August and the time is not favorable as it can bring upon financial losses.
Avoid September 2021 to dig for the foundation of your new home, as it can result in fights and tension in the house.
To avoid family disputes at home, avoid October 2021 to lay the foundation of your new home, as per Vastu.
You may not enjoy the help of servants at home or subordinates if the foundation is laid in the month of November.
February 2021 may bring upon some kind of threat or danger if the foundation is laid in this month.
What is bhumi puja?
Bhumi pooja / puja is a ritual performed in honour of Goddess Bhoomi and Vastu Purush (the deity of directions). The five elements of nature are also worshipped during the bhumi pujan. Bhoomi means mother earth. Usually, the Bhumi Puja is performed in the northeast corner of the construction site. According to Vastu experts, the digging at the site should begin in the north-east corner.
For the bhumi pujan, a ritualistic 64-part diagram symbolising the ‘Vaastu Purusha’ is drawn in the north-eastern zone of the construction site, using kumkum and seeds. Each part in this diagram is related to a deity. Mantras are chanted and offerings made, to each deity. A pit is dug and the first brick is laid in it.
Where is the Bhoomi puja performed on the construction site ?
Bhoomi puja is performed in the north-east corner of the construction site, as it is the revered space. The digging, or tiling of the site is always first done in the northeast corner as the level here has to be lower than the remaining site. The excavation will make the north-east low and south-east comparatively high, which, according to Vastu, yields good results
Why is bhumi pujan important?
According to Hindu mythology, this pooja is believed to eradicate the ill effects and Vastu doshas in the land and pave the way for a smooth construction. The bhumi pujan is also done, to ask forgiveness from living beings present underground, as, unknowingly, one may harm them during construction or they may be forced to move due to it. This pooja should be done by the head of the family, along with his wife. Also, this ritual of honouring the Bhoomi must be done in the presence of a priest. This ritualistic pooja purifies the site and ensures that the land is rid of all the evils.
Bhumi puja rituals
Most first-time home buyers often grapple with the intricacies of bhumi puja rituals and look up to parental and spiritual guidance. We suggest you continue to do so but also remember some key facts.
About bhumi pujans in India
Religious leaders look at the Hindu Panchang, that is, the Hindu calendar, for muhurathams. It is advisable that you consult a renowned and experienced astrologer to choose the perfect muhurta for your bhumi pujan and house construction. When an astrologer is consulted, he generally analyses your birth and horoscope details, to arrive at a date. These days, you can also consult experienced astrologers online. However, it may still be better to get in touch with those you know or those recommended by peers and family members.
What is the typical bhumi pujan ritual like?
- To begin with, the land is cleared before the bhumi puja.
- An experienced priest is consulted and called, to lay the foundation.
- If you are the owner of the property, you will be asked to face east while the priest himself will face north and sit on the lathi.
- A ghee or oil lamp is lit.
Thereafter, prayers are chanted to make the premises holy. You can also see the priest worshipping Lord Ganesh, the Kalash, and the silver snake. The bhumi puja starts with prayers to lord Ganesha, Vighnaharta or the remover of obstacles. Lord Ganesha’s blessings help in overcoming hurdles and ensuring smooth construction projects. The logic behind the worship of the silver snake is that Sheshnaag governs the earth and is a servant of Lord Vishnu. Hence, you would be seeking his blessings, asking him to preserve your house. The Kalash on the other hand symbolises the universe. A ‘Kalash is filled with water and mango or betel leaves are placed on top of it, with an inverted coconut. A coin and betel nuts are kept in the Kalash to offer prayers to Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi. The Kalasha Puja is done to channelize the divine energy and attract prosperity and positivity on the particular bhumi.
Invocation of the Sheshnaag is usually done by chanting mantras and by pouring milk, curd and ghee. You will also see that the priest puts a betel nut and a coin into the urn so as to invoke the blessing of Goddess Lakshmi. As the puja progresses, the God of directions, Dikpalas, the snake god or Naga, and the family deity known as the Kuldevata are worshipped. When the land is dug, it is done so by chanting the nag mantra. It is good to distribute sweets or even fruits among those gathered for the bhumi puja.
What items need to be bought for a bhumi pujan ceremony?
The priest who is conducting the pujan will give you a list, however, most commonly the following are used – rice, coconut, durba, betel leaves, betel nuts – flower bunch, fruits, prasad, camphor, agarbatti, cotton for arti, oil or ghee, deep or diya, water, turmeric powder, kumkum, kalava (red thread), paper towels, pick axe, quarter coins, navratna or panchdhatu. These days one can even buy a bhumi pujan samagri kit online.
Bhumi puja mantra
Various mantras are chanted to please the gods and invoke auspicious positive energies that reside in that bhumi. The most important mantra of a bumi puja is ‘Om Vasundharaya Vidmahe Bhutadhatraya Dhimahi Tanno Bhumih Prachodayat’, which means, ‘Let us chant for Bhumi Devi, the provider of all things; we pray to her to bless us with abundance and fortune’. There are other mantras that are recited, such as the Ganesha mantra to remove obstacles and the Gayatri mantra, to bestow life with happiness and nullify negative energies.
New tech and bhumi puja
Age-old traditions are now keeping pace with technology. Today, one can book a priest for bhumi puja online, order puja accessories and readymade kits with a click of a mouse button. YOu can also stream the puja live using social media, for one’s friends and family to attend virtually. Even priests perform rituals online, sitting miles away.
Is bhumi pujan time important?
Yes, just like the day and date, the exact time to begin the puja is also as important. It is for this reason that elders consult priests and astrologers.
Best time to place the foundation stone
The best time to place the foundation stone is in the morning. Avoid placing the foundation stone in the evening hours or in night.
Pakshas to be avoided for the bhumi pujan
Paksha means a fortnight or a lunar phase in a month, as per the Hindu lunar calendar. Avoid Divaskarma, Shraadha, and Hadpaksha for performing the bhumi pujan.
Auspicious tithis for bhumi pujan
The auspicious tithis for performing bhumi pujan are Dwitiya, Tritiya, Panchami, Shashti, Saptami, Dashami, Ekadashi, Dwadashi, and tradyodashi.